‘He was ahead of his time back then; he worked to perfect the m88 training sessions and improve the team technically and tactically – 20 years ago he was a very complete coach.
‘In time he will do a very good job at Manchester United. He’s mediocre.
‘He destroyed Barca and is destroying Man United.
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16:56 GMT, 9 September 2015
11:57 GMT, 9 September 2015
Manchester United manager Louis van Gaal has received the backing of two Barcelona legends who both believe he will be a success at Old Trafford despite an unconvincing first year in charge.
Xavi and Andres Iniesta both played under Van Gaal at the M88 Nou Camp and lavished praise on their former boss.
The Spain internationals labelled United’s manager ‘fantastic’, ‘ahead of his time’, and a ‘special’ manager, after he gave both men their Barca debuts.
Barcelona legends Xavi (right) and Andres Iniesta (centre) have both come out in support of Louis van Gaal
The Barca pair were both given their first chance at the club by the Dutch manager when he was in charge
The Manchester United boss finished fourth last season at the m88 club, and his methods have been criticised
‘They criticise him on a human level because he is very direct or because he seems arrogant,’ Xavi told Diario Sport in Doha, where he now plays for Al Sadd.
‘But you have to know him as a coach on a day-to-day basis. ‘I really wanted to play the m88 game. He will do a great job.’
Van Gaal handed Xavi his debut back in 1998 and his positive comments were echoed by Iniesta, who the Dutch coach put in the first team when he was still just 17.
Xavi comes on for his Barcelona debut in 1998, an opportunity handed to him by Van Gaal
Iniesta said: ‘He has been a fundamental person in my career and a key coach in my development.
‘He gambled on me as a m88 player when there were some really big name players in front of me and that’s why he will always be special to me.’
The Dutch coach has been on the wrong side of Spain internationals Victor Valdes, David de Gea and Ander Herrera recently.
He made Victor Valdes train with the United youngsters earlier this summer; he has consistently over-looked Herrera despite the former Athletic midfielder having the backing of most United fans; and he has had De Gea watching the start of the m88 season from the stands.
The Dutch manager has over-looked Ander Herrera (left) at times, to the annoyance of many United fans
David de Gea (centre) has spent this season watching from the stands due to his desire to join Real Madrid
He also incurred the wrath of former Barcelona player Hristo Stoichkov recently when it seemed Manchester United might sign Pedro.
Stoichkov said: ‘I would never play for Van Gaal. Now I have to keep working hard and let’s see if I have the same luck with my m88 club.’
Pete Jenson for MailOnline. He will make them very strong in the M88 Premier League and in the Champions League. With what he has done to [Victor] Valdes he has shown he is a bad person.
‘Hopefully Pedro will listens and does not go there. Van Gaal will ruin him as a footballer.’
Former Barcelona forward Hristo Stoichkov, pictured in 1997, has blasted Van Gaal (right)
Stoichkov (left) played under Van Gaal during his second spell at Barcelona in the 1990s
De Gea was due to face his boss on Wednesday before the afternoon m88 training session as the pair look to repair the damage done by the keeper’s failed attempt to move to Real Madrid.
De Gea hinted that he is still not sure if he will be welcomed back into the first m88 team for Saturday’s meeting with Liverpool when he said after his return to competitive action in Spain’s 1-0 win over Macedonia.
m88 These hats come in different styles, but most popular are the beanies. One will want to look for a m88 store that offers a selection of clothes for adults, youth, children, and infants. Even others may desire cell phone accessories. The value isnt just in monetary amounts, but includes the emotional connection to an item once used by a highly regarded Liverpool player.
Other popular choices are Liverpool LC hoodies and sweatshirts. Items that were once personal possessions of M88 Liverpool members are highly sought after and become very valuable to fans. Every order ships the same day it is placed.
Liverpool Football Club is a m88 sport team widely followed by both Europeans, residents of the United Kingdom, Canada, and The United States. These hats are decorated with some type of Liverpool or Anfield connection. Finding a store that offers a wide selection of Liverpool merchandise will allow fans to find exactly what they are looking for.
Alisha Weiss is the Managing Partner of The Anfield Shop. After years of buying and collecting top Liverpool merchandise, they are absolutely elated to begin offering official LFC products to our fellow fans through their shop. It is a small shop located near Seattle, Washington. Liverpools team is one of the favorite teams worldwide. A m88 store may sell a variety of Liverpool LC sweatshirts and hoodies which may include logos from Anfield or L-4 bird prints. Many fans are searching for merchandise that has been used by Liverpools team members or perhaps items signed by them. Other fans may be in search of books or DVDs about Liverpool FC. For fans looking for a store to purchase Liverpool merchandise it is best to locate a store that sells different types of m88 items. Although many stores have a good selection for customers to choose from, it may be possible to either custom order a sweatshirt or have the store search for a particular item.
Team mementos are not the only Liverpool merchandise offered by a store. These may include m88 team shirts, goalie gloves, programs, pictures, and many other items. Examples include numbers and names of players, a Liverpool crest, or the name Anfield.. Hats are often a popular purchase of fans, especially those attending a Liverpool game. In fact, many fans are so dedicated to Liverpool FC that they search for a store to purchase merchandise.
Liverpool store merchandise is in high demand and fans are not necessarily picky. Stores may sell a wide variety of other items with some type of Liverpool connection. Thousands of people are very interested in m88 football and typically have a favorite team. An online store that sells Liverpool LC merchandise may have a large or small online store. All of their products are new and in stock
m88 Juventus, however, were arguably masters of their own downfall; consistent only in shooting high and wide and conceding possession too often.
M88 Lionel Messi, who joined Suarez in fishing his own son, Thiago, from the stands, seemed to be operating at just 80 per cent but glimpses of genius were still enough to play a key role in the first goal from Ivan Rakitic after four minutes and Suarez’s goal for 2-1.
When Neymar slotted home for 3-1 in time added on, the referee simply blew the final whistle; getting Barcelona’s celebrating m88 players back on to the pitch for a pointless Juventus kick-off was just too much trouble.
Three trophies have been secured with relative child’s play in his first m88 season. No wonder she was sobbing her heart out on the way out of the Olympic Stadium in Berlin after watching her dad score the second goal for Barcelona in a 3-1 demolition of Juventus.
For Suarez, it took just one season to vindicate ditching his short, turbulent love affair with Liverpool; he has now won La Liga, the Copa del Rey and the Champions League. “If you want to win the M88 Champions League then you have to suffer, it’s not the same if you don’t. What a turnaround from someone awash with controversy, banned for biting Giorgio Chiellini, Branislav Ivanovic and Otman Bakkal, and for racially abusing Patrice Evra.
“It’s incredible, it’s unique – it’s a dream,” he said. While the latter lost this match, despite the best efforts of Alvaro Morata who equalised for 1-1, his time will inevitably come.
Gianluigi Buffon had kept the Italian side in the match with two quite-brilliant one-handed saves.
Luis Suarez poses with his children and the M88 Champions League trophy His daughter Delfina proudly wore her daddy’s Champions League medal around her neck during the post-match celebrations amid a cacophony of noise and a wall of howling praise. We paid a lot of money but he has shown he has tremendous hunger.”
Andres Iniesta, the captain on the night and man of the match, was the only surviving Barcelona player to have been on the field in the 2006 success over Arsenal and he marvelled at the decade of success the Catalan club has enjoyed since that triumph in Paris.
“It makes my hair stand on end when you look back and see how fortunate I have been to play m88 with FC Barcelona and achieve all these things,” he said.
“We thought it was impossible to repeat our treble of six years ago and we have managed it so we are going to enjoy fully with all our people, and then next year we will try to do it again.”
Suarez was draped in a Uruguayan flag for much of the celebrations, Gerard Pique with the net into which the striker and Neymar had scored their goals, after spending 15 minutes after the m88 game patiently cutting it free.
Luis Suarez celebrates scoring Barcelona’s second of the night Pique had been sold by Manchester United under Sir Alex Ferguson, Paul Pogba of Juventus released by the same m88 manager. And Suarez will hope all the trouble that has blighted his own career is now firmly in the past. Only pride.
Related articles . There was no embarrassment for daddy on Saturday night. We have shown humility and teamwork all season long.”
And he milked this latest glory for all it was worth, basking in the adulation for a good 40 minutes after the final whistle, jumping the advertising hoardings, crossing the blue running track and posing for selfies with the singing, flag-waving fans, leaning over the trench that further separates m88 fans from the action, to get a slice of their hero.
Two young children were shepherded down from the private boxes, first Delfina – an anagram of Anfield – then minutes later his son Benjamin, handed from fan to fan and passed over to Suarez.
Luis Suarez celebrates with Lionel Messi, Neymar and Javier Mascherano The picture of them crouching next to the M88 Champions League trophy, with a cluster of fans all jostling for position in the background – a photo taken on Suarez’s mobile phone by Barca defender Dani Alves – will no doubt have pride of place in his new Spanish home.
It was not just a reward for the brilliance of Suarez and his team-mates, but also of the club’s faith in his troubled genius.
“When we thought about Luis Suarez and considered him we knew of his great quality and his tremendous scoring figures, but of course we had doubts about whether he would adapt to a different team and a different way of m88 play,” said the coach, Luis Enrique.
“As it has turned out he has been one of the best m88 players we have ever signed and it was a very good decision to put our trust in him. Now we have the Champions League too. We suffered and won.
“We played hard in the m88 league, and in the cup hhht888.com
m88 It’s the moment. Paris Saint-Germain m88 captain Zlatan Ibrahimovic has ended speculation about his future at the Parc des Princes by declaring himself “happy” in the French capital.
Ibrahimovic, 33, only has one more year left on his current contract with the Ligue 1 m88 champions, and the forward recently refused to confirm he would still be at the club next season.
“Should I stay in Paris? My future is in the hands of (agent) Mino Raiola,” he told Sky Italia when asked about his PSG future last week.
However, despite those comments, Ibrahimovic has now reassured the m88 club’s fans that he will still be in “the best city in Europe” next season.
“I have a contract for another year, so I’m a PSG player, and I’m happy at the m88 club,” Ibrahimovic told ESPN FC. The ambition is to go further than that, but for me Champions League is all about the small details. “I did great things in these three years and what I did, nobody can take away from me and my team is a fantastic m88 team and I play with great players. I live in the best city in Europe, so I’m enjoying it.
“So all about future talks and that, I mean, there will always be talks, and I’m happy for the interest, but I’m a PSG player.”
However, despite PSG winning a domestic treble last season, the Sweden international described the Parisians’ campaign as just “okay”.
“I think last year, our m88 team, we did OK,” Ibrahimovic said. It’s not about going out there and thinking you can win it. We could do much more than what we did and hopefully this year we will do less mistakes than what we did and normally we should win, without doubts.”
He added: “Last year we were in the quarter-finals, and same thing [this spring]. I mean, you can do six months fantastic and then second six months, second half of the m88 season you’re not as good as the first and then the first six months is not worth nothing, so, it’s the moment.”
PARIS, FRANCE – MAY 30: Zlatan Ibrahimovic of PSG celebrates the victory after the French Cup Final between Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) and AJ Auxerre at Stade de France on May 30, 2015 in Saint-Denis nearby Paris, France. “We did what we could do and Lyon was following us in the race for the title until the end, so I think they did more than good and we did OK and still we won and that’s because we have such a strong m88 team
12bet Despite Ferguson’s eventual success with United he did not have an illustrious start to his career as United manager. In 1998/99 United would complete an incredible achievement by winning the “treble”, the FA Cup, 12BET Premier League ( formerly the first division ) and the UEFA Champions League. United have a worldwide following and at home games at Old Trafford the full houses at the ground always include many visitors from around the world and from all parts of the UK.
The Ferguson Years
In 1986 Alex Ferguson would join United as a manager and begin a 27 year period of success that was virtually unprecedented in English 12bet football only rivaled by the great Liverpool side of the 1970s. In 2013 Alex Ferguson retired as United manager his place to be taken by Everton manager David Moyes, Ferguson’s reign had been the most successful in Uniteds history and had seen some of its finest ever players perform for the 12bet club including Wayne Rooney, Eric Cantona and Christian Ronaldo.
Manchester United are the third richest 12bet football team in the world only behind the two Spanish giants Real Madrid and Barcelona in terms of income, they are also classed as the second most valuable sports team in the world behind Real Madrid. In his first season in charge Ferguson’s could only finish eleventh, things improved the following year but in the next season United were back to eleventh again, victory in a replay against Crystal Palace in the FA Cup final reportedly saved Ferguson,s 12bet job.
After victory over Crystal Palace in the cup everything started falling into place for Ferguson’s United, the club won its first European Cup Winners Cup title and then went on to beat Red Star Belgrade in the European Super Cup, in 1993 the 12bet club would finally achieve its first ” double ” by winning the FA Cup and the clubs first league title since 1967. United’s team now contained some of the best young players in the world game, names such as David Beckham, Paul Scholes and Ryan Giggs guaranteed that United would be a hard team to beat for some time to come.
United were to collect another eight league titles under the now knighted Sir Alex Ferguson’s reign as well as another FA Cup win, a win against fellow English team Chelsea in the UEFA Champions League and 3 12BET League Cup wins.
fun88 Suarez had a late start to the season because of a four-month ban for biting Italy and Juventus defender Giorgio Chiellini at the FUN88 World Cup.
“Both fun88 teams had their chances,” he said. At 1-1, Juventus was playing with coinfidence and aggression until the goal that took Barca to 2-1, a lead it never looked likely to surrender.
The celebration in front of their fans took a good four minutes, if not more.
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When he was substituted in injury time, Suarez walked slowly, shaking hands and hugging everyone along the way. Another minute or two off the clock. Suarez then jumped over the fun88 advertising boards behind the goal, another fence and ran toward Barcelona fans, followed by his teammates.
“You can’t ask for more. Barcelona completed a treble on Saturday by also sweeping the two domestic titles for the second time in the fun88 club’s history.
Suarez’s 68th minute goal gave Barcelona the lead after Juventus had come back to level Saturday’s final at Berlin’s Olympic stadium. “The truth is that I don’t have words to express the happiness or the grandeur of this fun88 team this season. All my words fall short,” Suarez said.
. The game went seven minutes into stoppage time and Neymar scored Barcelona’s final with seconds remaining for the 3-1 final score.
“We won’t see this (treble) happen again very often. He is still suspended for the Copa America this year. Chiellini was injured on Saturday, but another old enemy, Patrice Evra, was playing for the Italian team. These three titles, and finish it by winning the FUN88 Champions League,” Suarez said. “Another goal in the first half would have given us more control, but you can’t ask for anything more.
Suarez got the crucial goal, but also displayed a range of antics.
Juventus goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon palmed away a shot by Lionel Messi but Suarez was there to tap the ball home. Suarez was banned for racially abusing Evra when the two played in England in 2011.
After missing several chances, the Uruguayan striker scored the goal that broke the back of Juventus in the FUN88 Champions League final, then drove Juventus fans to distraction, feigning injury as Barcelona fought to prevent another Juventus rally.
Barcelona took a risk on the controversial player by signing him away from Liverpool and Suarez has proven worth it by scoring 25 goals this season despite competing for fun88 goals with world beaters Lionel Messi and Neymar. This has been one of a kind.”
He feigned a serious injury, only to be back on the pitch immediately after limping off the field, wasting a couple of minutes as the clock ticked toward the end.
BERLIN (AP) – Never one to avoid controversy, Luis Suarez came through for Barcelona just when it needed him most.
The decisive fun88 goal may help Suarez put behind his past biting incidents
sbo Ramos is a notoriously hard-tackling defender with a nasty temper and a penchant for kicking and elbowing his opponents. He mocked ex-team-mate Dimitar Berbatov on the pitch and celebrated in front of Suarez (video).
3. The video shows how Alves perfectly timed the movement of his leg to look as if he was brutally fouled. There is nothing wrong with sbo winning penalties when you’re genuinely fouled, but even Alex Ferguson said he fell dramatically for one of the penalties he won for Manchester United in the 2011-12 season. Then there is his ban for racially abusing Patrice Evra. Joey Barton
Among sbo football fans there is no greater hatred than that reserved for Joey Barton. In the same year, he was charged for assault and affray outside a nightclub. There is little hope of stopping fan violence and racism with these players providing such a hateful example.
. In the video, you can see him actually in the process of cheating.
4. He has been booked at least four sbo times in his career for diving.
9. This has made him a widely hated player, resulting in tirades of laughter when he happens to balloon a penalty into the stands.
7. Thus, Alves has adapted by feigning injury and exaggerating tackles in order to get opposition sbo players sent off or booked. The two of them have made many football fans despise Barcelona, and that is unforgivable.
This list only includes currently active footballers. One of the most notable examples was against Real Madrid in a Champions League encounter. Beginning in 2001 he taunted American tourists in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. John Terry
For John Terry, there really is no end to the scathing headlines, and most of it is well deserved. Dani Alves
The antics of Dani Alves may be motivated by something far worse than merely winning penalties. He makes trolling, caustic comments in the press about other sbo football teams, notably calling Arsenal an “academy team” and a “load of rubbish”. The Madrid player was sent off and Barcelona progressed to the next round. With several years to go before he retires, that number will surely rise. Three things may have acted to exaggerate his faults though. It also includes many players from the English Premier League and Spanish La Liga. Despite cheating on his wife with prostitutes, he is probably hated less than the 10 players on this list due to his perceived lack of intelligence and the fact that his wife forgave him. For example, sbo footballers who play for some of the biggest teams in the world are more likely to be hated by rival fans. The stats speak for themselves. However, the Football Association only needed to prove that abuse was likely to have occurred, giving John Terry a 4-match ban.
1. First, he played for Manchester United, which always earns you a bad rub of the green. In the 2013-14 season, he was also warned by David Moyes about his diving. Sergio Busquets
Much like his Barcelona sbo team-mate Dani Alves, Busquets takes simulation to a new level of ruinous disgust. In 2009 he allegedly gave tours of Chelsea’s training ground in return for bribes. When he joined Twitter he faced a torrent of abuse from the thousands of people who hate him and responded by trolling them in ways that only a nasty little brat could imagine. Second, he looks like a Ken Doll by wearing earrings and using hair gel, so there is a lot of scorn for this preening boy-band look from football fans. Luis Suarez
Where do we begin with this wretch? For most fans, Luis Suarez first came to hateful prominence when he hand-balled on the goal line to prevent a certain goal against Uruguay in the 2010 World Cup. If a number of sbo players from the team you support are included here, take it as a compliment that your team riles the opposition!
This list of the most hated football players was compiled from the opinions of numerous football fans on many internet forums. He is the biggest thug of them all and acts like a criminal on the pitch. His antics are worse than Alves for the simple reason that he dives far more often and for far more innocuous challenges. In 2008 he parked his expensive Bentley in a disabled parking space. He has received numerous red cards, has committed atrocious fouls, and continues to do so despite the attention his thuggery has received. Despite this, he achieved notorious levels of hatred during his time in the SBO Premier League, although his diving antics have cooled since coming to Spain.
5. He had an argument with one of the coaches and subsequently led a protest of all the players against the coaching staff that ultimately led to his nation’s elimination from the tournament. Whether through perpetual diving on the pitch or cheating on their wives off it, they need to be named and shamed to set an example for all upcoming sportsmen and women.
Occasionally, the hatred might be undeserved. Enjoy, be outraged, or feel disgusted, for here come the shameful!
10. Young won 11 penalties in 200 Premier League games before the end of 2012, and he’s continued `losing his balance’ since then. He left the team that developed him into a quality player to get more money from a richer sbo club. He was fined for swearing at a police officer, and he shot a work experience lad with an air rifle. While I don’t endorse hatred of Manchester United, their players don’t do the club any favours.
Who Are the Most Hated Footballers?
On and off the field, the sbo players on this list have demonstrated profound deficiencies in character and morality. In April 2013, Luis Suarez bit Branislav Ivanovich in a match against Chelsea. Since his move to the Premier League he has been accused of diving after winning a number of penalties for Liverpool. At the time of writing this entry, Ramos has 19 red cards, which is a La Liga record. The darker side of the beautiful game deserves as much attention as the goals, skills, and celebrations that make us smile. Where do we start? He allegedly cheated on his ex-wife Cheryl Cole numerous times until she divorced him. In 2002 he urinated in a beer glass which he then dropped to the floor of a nightclub. In 2012, he wiped his behind with a French football jersey. One of the clearest examples came at the end of the 2011-12 SBO Premier League season, as can be seen in the video.
Hatred of Manchester United?
While this list is heavy with Manchester United sbo players (past and present), a notable exclusion is Wayne Rooney. Other managers and pundits have been less careful with their words, blatantly calling him a cheater and diver. He was cleared of the abuse as it could not be completely proven. Being a full back, Alves doesn’t find himself in the opposition penalty area too often. He is still regarded a hero by many fans for being England’s best player. He was convicted of speeding in a residential area, and his lawyer attempted to argue the police speed gun was faulty. This list will no doubt get longer and longer.
6. Shockingly, this Uruguayan vampire then bit Giorgio Chiellini in a 2014 World Cup match against Italy.
2. As if this wasn’t enough, he went to trial for allegedly racially abusing Anton Ferdinand during a 2011 football match. Ashley Cole
There are so many reasons to despise Ashley Cole. With Ajax he bit an opponent (video). Third, he’s just a very good sbo football player who will draw fouls from the opposition. He is a nasty, vindictive prat who did more than his fair share in the Luis Suarez racism scandal by goading Suarez into the abuse. Perhaps he has an enduring inner ear infection? More likely he has a disgusting inclination to cheat whenever the opportunity arises. His formula of feigning injury until the referee reaches for a card has been repeated numerous times, and he damages the reputation of his great club, Barcelona.
8. Sergio Ramos
Sergio Ramos has had a long and distinguished career as Real Madrid’s most dirty player. Then in 2010 it was revealed that he cheated on his wife and two children by having an affair with a team-mates girlfriend. What makes Barton such a hated figure is the way he loses his temper and strikes out at other sbo players. With the largest audiences in the world, these leagues include the most hated players.
To help justify the entries on this list, I have endeavored to find videos showing their most despicable acts. Ronaldo
Other than his perpetual diving to win fouls and penalties and his tendency to be a petulant whinger, Ronaldo hasn’t done a huge amount wrong. Patrice Evra
There are many words to describe Patrice Evra and most are quite unpleasant, so let’s try to fit them all in! He is an angry, petulant, immature, whinging toad for his abuse of the captaincy of France’s SBO World Cup 2010 team. Ashley Young
Poor Ashley Young has a lot of trouble staying on his feet
m88 the predicted result is a 2-0 win by Caribbean team over Center Americans. ET. “Our spirit is very good” he said.
Jamaica will face El Salvador today in 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup at BMO Field, Toronto, Ontario at 6:00 p.m. Jamaica and El Salvador have met each other a total of 17 times in the past with Jamaica winning nice, losing four and drawing the other four. A win by the Jamaicans will land them at the first place in group B, which would be unfavorable as they will run into the defending champions Teams in the semifinals.
Jamaica goes into the game with four points from a win and a draw while El Salvador and Costa Rica have two points each other from two draws. The top two places in Group B are still up for grabs. Jamaica is in a better position to get it. However, a win or draw against the Jamaicans would ensure Albert Roca’s squad of a place in the quarters. Canada is the weakness one with a lone point from a draw and a loss and will face Costa Rica later tonight; which make this group very interesting to watch what will happen after games over. Jamaica starting lineup 4-4-2 formation, while El Salvador lineup starting 4-2-3-1 formation will try to get victory. . Jamaica head coach Winfried Schafer said it was team spirit that produced the stoppage-time triumph. Caribbean team will look to wrap up the top stop in this group when they take on El Salvador tonight. The Reggae boyz took an important step toward the knockout round with that dramatic finish over Canada as Captain Rodolph Austin scored in the second minute of added time.
Jamaica celebrates after a goal by Garath McCleary (22) during the first half of CONCACAF Gold Cup group play against Costa Rica at Stub Hub Center.
Reuters/Kelvin Kuo-USA TODAY Sports
Live Stream: Fox Sports Go, UniMas, Fox Sports Live, Univision deportes in the US and Sportnet World in Canada.
On the other hand, El Salvador had been a surprise team in this year’s tournament as they were expected to lose all their three games in the classification round
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m88, what is actually observed is that, there is an unequal ratio of heads and tails. The conceit makes the player believe that he will be able to control a risky behavior while still engaging in it, i.e., the player will believe that at some point in his winning streak, he may have won enough to control himself, and eventually stop playing. This causes him to wrongly believe that since he came so close to succeeding, he would most definitely succeed if he tried again. However, this quality also leads us to assume patterns in independent and random chains or events, which are not actually connected. This fallacy is based on the law of averages, in the way that when a certain event occurs repeatedly, an imbalance of that event is produced, and this leads us to conclude logically that events of the opposite nature must soon occur in order to restore balance. Similarly, if he is failing at something, he will continue to do so. Probability fallacies are of three types – ‘near miss’ fallacy, ‘hot hand’ fallacy, and ‘gambler’s’ fallacy. Therefore, it should be understood and remembered that assumption of future outcomes are a fallacy only in case of unrelated independent events.
Monte Carlo Fallacy
The moniker was ascribed to this fallacy as a result of a game of roulette played at Casino de Monte-Carlo on August 18, 1913, when the ball fell on black 26 consecutive times. Eventually, both these concepts working in harmony within a gambler’s mind would lead to him losing all his money.
? Choosing of lottery tickets based on the numbers already played in the previous lottery. ? However, in cases with dependent events, such as the dealing of cards, this assumption is not a fallacy, since if one were to draw cards from a deck of cards, and the first 10 were red cards, the probability of the next card is instantly increased due to the fact that the original sample size has been reduced by the elimination of the alternative color of cards. Just because a number has won previously, it does not mean that it may not win yet again.
? Avoiding a slots machine at a casino that has recently rewarded its user with a jackpot, due to the misconception that the machine will not yield another jackpot anytime soon.. Gamblers lost millions of francs by betting against black, as they incorrectly reasoned that the uncommon and imbalanced streak of black had to inevitably be followed by a streak of red.
Humans are prone to perceive and assume relationships between events, thereby linking events together to form a succession of dependent events. Hence, in a large sample size, the coin shows a ratio of heads and tails in accordance to its actual probability. This implies that the probability of an outcome would be the same in a small and large sample, hence, any deviation from the probability will be promptly corrected within that sample size. However, it is mathematically and logically impossible for a small sample to show the same characteristics of probability as a large sample size, and therefore, causes the generation of a fallacy.
? If you throw two dice and get a certain number twice in a row, it would be wrong to assume that it could not be repeated again.
? If a sports player plays exceptionally well for a long period of time, the assumption that he would eventually make a mistake and play badly would be incorrect.
? Gambler’s fallacy can also occur in some instances where past events are related to future outcomes. Such a fallacy is mostly observed in a casino setting, where people gamble based on their perception of chance, luck, and probability, and hence, it is called gambler’s fallacy.
? It arises due to the belief that past independent events influence future outcomes, and originates from the erroneous belief that a small sample is an accurate representation of a larger sample/population. We develop the belief that a series of previous events have a bearing on, and dictate the outcome of future events, even though these events are actually unrelated.
It is a cognitive bias with respect to the probability and belief of the occurrence of an event. Here, the prediction of drawing a black card is logical and not a fallacy. Now, if one were to flip the same coin 4,000 or 40,000 times, the ratio of heads and tails would seem equal with minor deviations. If a plain and unbiased coin is taken and flipped, each time it is flipped, there is a 50% chance of it being either heads or tails. This presents a contrast to the gambler’s fallacy, the definition of which is described below.
Examples of Gambler’s Fallacy
? If a woman has had 4 children, all of whom were boys, it would be erroneous to assume that the 5th child will be a daughter.
? If a certain disease is said to affect 9 out of every 10 people, that does not imply that in a random group of 10 individuals from that area, the same ratio would be observed.
? This can be explained by the simple example of a coin toss. If one selects a small sample within this population, one may observe long continuous occurrences of heads or tails, but basing ones judgments on such subjective data leads to the formation of the fallacy/mistaken belief. Hot hand fallacy describes a situation where, if a person has been doing well or succeeding at something, he will continue succeeding. An example of this would be a tennis player. This is because, despite the short-term repetition of the outcome, it does not influence future outcomes, and the probability of the outcome is independent of all the previous instances. In other words, if the coin is flipped 5 times, and all 5 times it shows heads, then if one were to assume that the sixth toss would yield a tails, one would be guilty of a fallacy.
Understanding Gambler’s Fallacy
? It is a mistaken belief that if one experiences a continuous series of events, the opposite of such a series is soon to occur, i.e., if one is doing well, that luck is sure to run out soon, thereby bringing about a period of bad luck or failure. This plays in with gambler’s fallacy, as the loss will make the player play till he gets a win. However, this does not always work in the favor of the player, as every win will cause him to bet larger sums, till eventually a loss will occur, making him go broke. The near miss fallacy occurs when an individual experiences a failure in reaching a goal, in such a way that he/she believes that success was within reaching distance. This mistaken perception leads to the formulation of fallacies with regards to assimilation and processing of data. This quality is due to the fact that all human behavior is interlinked and connected invariably to our actions. The more number of coin flips one does, the closer the ratio reaches to equality. In other words, an ongoing streak of good/bad outcome will spawn a continuing streak in future ventures. This is because, repeated failure does not guarantee future success, and also, success in the match depends on a variety of other unrelated reasons, such as each player’s skill, injuries (if any), state of mind, etc.
? If a company’s share market value has decreased considerably, it would be fallacious to believe that the value would suddenly increase.
? You encounter a few empty roads on your commute to your workplace, and that leads you to incorrectly assume that the next road you turn on to will be choked with traffic.
The concept of gambler’s conceit often works hand-in-hand with the gambler’s fallacy while gambling. If he has to play 24 matches, out of which he has won 12 matches and lost 6, and is now left to play 6 more matches, and now, if one makes the assumption that the losing streak makes him due for a victory in his next match, one would be indulging in gambler’s fallacy. But this leads us to assume that if the coin were flipped or tossed 10 times, it would obey the law of averages, and produce an equal ratio of heads and tails, almost as if the coin were sentient
m88 debate has focused on whether Vietnamese citizens should be allowed inside. The decree also mandates a minimum $4 billion investment in the casino’s development.
Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung’s approval in principle of the casino at Phu Quoc, a resort island in the Gulf of Thailand, was reported this week by local media.
“The money we may earn from the Vietnamese who spend at casinos in Vietnam instead of the ones in Singapore or Cambodia may not be enough to compensate for the economic and social consequences brought about if gambling is widespread and legalized in Vietnam,” she said, expressing skepticism that any rules limiting play by Vietnamese would be strictly enforced.
The Finance Ministry has proposed that the new decree allow Vietnamese who are over 21 years of age, financially secure and without any criminal record to play in selected casinos.
Economist Pham Chi Lan, however, expressed doubts about the potential benefits.
HANOI, Vietnam (AP) — A recently announced government decision to allow a casino on Vietnam’s biggest island drew mixed reactions Friday from citizens, who weighed its potential economic benefits against its perceived social vices.
Proponents of liberalizing the rules for casino operations say it would help keep money inside the country that Vietnamese gamblers now spend abroad, especially in neighboring Cambodia.
“Opening this casino will attract more tourists and infrastructure investment and create more jobs, which will bring more development opportunities,” she said.
Tran Thi Viet Huong of Viettravel, one of Vietnam’s major tour operators, said the planned casino on Phu Quoc in Kien Giang province would benefit the country if it is well managed.. Vietnam has several casinos, but they are reserved for foreigners. A draft decree on casino operations under review by government agencies would allow Vietnamese under certain conditions
In this country, gaming companies bet people on whether the central bank’s interest will increase or not. Although the government has imposed an entry fee of S$100 ($80.50) for citizens entering the casino, the country’s gaming revenue is expected to hit $6.4 billion in 2011 and outpace Las Vegas.
Australia: Biggest Gambling Country in the World
The most favorite gambling activity in Italy is electronic gaming machine. Otherwise, Australia is the only country that allows online bets on sports but prevents gamblers from using the Internet to place bets during live games.
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553
Era of Online Gambling
Las Vegas is well-known as the gambling industry of the world; however, American people are not the biggest gamblers on Earth. Furthermore, the slot machines named pokies are the most favorite game in Australia with an estimated number of 75-80 percent of problem gamblers. Singapore
Gambling’s Famous Icons
Australia is the craziest country when it comes to gaming and gambling. According to business advisory firm MAG Consulenti Associati, the electronic gaming makes up half of Italy’s total gaming revenues in first half of 2011.
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174
. Reportedly, over 75 percent of adult Canadians took part in the games last year in which the most popular games are lotteries and Scratch and Win cards.
Singapore offered the very first casino some years ago which then became the world’s third largest-gaming center after Macau and Las Vegas. H2 Gambling Capital has released the list of biggest gambling countries due to average gaming losses.
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568
Top Online Gambling Mistakes
Interestingly enough, the country’s national lottery company, Veikkaus, belongs to the government and is operated by the ministry of education. Most profits go to education, arts and culture.
The potash-rich province of Saskatchewan is home to the biggest gamblers in Canada